It was reported recently that the USA and the Taliban have reached a peace agreement on Afghanistan that will allow US forces to leave that country 17 years after they invaded it on October, 2001, less than a month after 9/11.
Al Qaeda had used that dysfunctional state as a safe haven and, while there, was able to plan and execute the attacks that took the lives of over 3000 people in the USA. After the West invaded, the Taliban regime which had allowed Afghanistan to turn into a terrorist state. was toppled within several days and the Western coalition that included the US under George W. Bush, the NATO countries and Australia, succeeded in conquering the entire country in less than a month, completely destroying the Taliban regime and taking over all terror bases and their installations.
A large number of the terrorists that filled the country were killed, some were captured and some escaped to other countries. The impression left by the swift operation was that the Taliban would never gain back its strength and that Afghanistan would never again be a terror state. And then last week it was reported that America reached an agreement – with whom? The Taliban, that same Islamic organization which turned Afghanistan into a terror state. What changed to make this problematic organization into a partner to an agreement with the USA? How could America, the strongest power on Earth, after waging a bitter war for 17 years against this not exactly immense organization, end up accepting it as a partner to an agreement?
As background, let me point out that the source of Afghanistan’s problems is the fact that the state is composed of ten distinct ethnicities which have never coalesced into a unified, cohesive nation The groups are: The Pashtun, Tajik, Uzbek, Aymāk, Gujjar, Kirgiz, Baluche, Turkmen, Nuristani and Pamiri.
Each one of these ethnic groups has its own language, dress, culture, ideas, leaders, interests and armed militias, with only minimal cooperation existing between one and the other. Every dispute – and there have been many – generally escalated into a war of militias, transforming the state into a non-functioning entity.